Botany Rail Duplication Project

About the project

In May 2018 the Australian Government announced a funding commitment to duplicate the remaining 2.9km section of single line freight track between Mascot and Botany, known as the Botany Rail Duplication Project. The Botany Rail Duplication Project will aim to:

  • Alleviate constraints and increase the capacity of Sydney’s freight rail network to meet existing and future demands
  • Provide increase operational efficiency, flexibility and reliability for freight customers support current NSW government targets to increase the rail mode share
  • Support connection to, and operation of, intermodal terminals to meet their targeted freight capacity.

Botany Rail Duplication includes the following key features:

  • Track duplication – Construction of a second track predominantly within the rail corridor from Mascot (near King Street) to Botany (near Banksia Street) for a distance of 2.9km
  • Track realignment (slewing) and upgrading – moving some sections of track sideways (slewing) and upgrading some sections of track to improve the alignment of both tracks and minimise boundary impacts
  • New crossovers – Installation of new rail crossovers to maintain and improve access at two locations
  • New bridges to provide for the new track at Mill Pond, Southern Cross Drive, O’Riordan Street and Robey Street
  • Re-constructing existing bridges at O’Riordan Street and Robey Street
  • Embankment / Retaining structures – Constructing a new embankment and retaining structure adjacent to Qantas Drive between Robey and O’Riordan Streets and a new embankment between the Mill Stream and Botany Road bridges.

Ancillary work would include bi-directional signalling upgrades, drainage work and protecting / relocating utilities.

The project is subject to State planning approval.

Botany Rail Duplication will complement future upgrades taking place in the airport precinct which aim to improve traffic flow and help reduce congestion on nearby roads. As such, ARTC is working closely with Roads and Maritime Services in developing the design and planning for the Sydney Gateway Project.

Botany Rail Duplication Project is a key ARTC initiative that supports the NSW Freight and Ports Plan 2018-2023. Together, with the Cabramatta Loop Project, Botany Rail Duplication will provide the capacity to meet predicted growth in the containerised freight task and support rail services between Port Botany and metropolitan freight intermodal terminals.

Geographical location

Why is Botany Rail Duplication needed?

The project is needed to support improved rail connections to Port Botany and enable more freight to be moved by rail. Port Botany is the largest container port (by volume) in Australia and handles 99% of NSW’s container demand. As Sydney’s only container port, it is vital that Port Botany maintains the capacity to meet freight demands over the long term.

Efficient access to Port Botany is critical to the economic growth and prosperity of Sydney, NSW and Australia. The amount of container freight handled by Port Botany is predicted to significantly increase – from 14.4 million tonnes in 2016 to 25.5 million tonnes in 2036, representing an increase of 77 per cent (NSW Freight and Ports Plan 2018-2023,pg28)

Both the Australian and NSW Governments have identified clear objectives to increase the share of freight moved by rail – from 17.5 per cent in 2016 to 28 per cent by 2021 (Transport for NSW 2018, Infrastructure Australia, 2018).

Benefits and opportunities

Where are we in the planning process?

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Contact us


Phone: 1300 550 402


Mail: Locked Bag 14, Sydney NSW 2001

Our aim is to respond to all queries within 2 working days if your query takes no longer we will contact you to discuss an indicative response timeframe.

Project updates

What happens next?

Once complete, the Environmental Impact Statement will be on public exhibition later this year, and available for comment. This will be publicised via digital tools and direct engagement.

Community updates

View or download the May 2019 here.

Project contact

For further information about this project contact:

P: 1300 550 402

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